The State Constitutional

Convention Clearinghouse

U.S. states where the people can use a periodic state constitutional convention referendum
to bypass the legislature's gatekeeping power over constitutional amendment

Constitutional Amendment

Color Code: Highlights in red; Majority requirements in bold.

Article XIV

Section 1. Constitutional convention.

The legislature, by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of all the members, whether one or more bodies, may at any time submit to the qualified electors the question of whether there shall be an unlimited convention to revise, alter, or amend this constitution.


Source: Montana Constitution

Primary Sources

Full text of “Montana Constitutional Convention, 1971-1972”, Internet Archives

Guide to the Montana Constitutional Convention (1972) Records, Northwest Digital Archives

Secondary Sources

Chambers, Gus, and Zalis, Paul, For This and Future Generations, Montana PBS, 56 minutes, December 2002. (a regional Emmy Award-winning television documentary)

Select News

Bowman, Jean, Montana history: Clarifying detail in Con-Con, Missoulian, July 24, 2014.

Inbody, Kristen, MT Constitution lets the ‘sunshine in’, Great Falls Tribune, October 31, 2014.